The Holy Spirit is love, to put things very simply. Water also signifies death to sin. ” Would we say Jesus is just a force and not a person because he is “poured out” in this verse? That the Holy Spirit is like wind, that it goes where it wills, yet God can be … If you think hard about it, you’ll discover that “life” is hard to define. Yes! This shows the power of the Holy Spirit to act in us and to use us as instruments. : The Spirit breathed on the waters at the beginning of Creation and is responsible for the principle of life. The Holy Spirit has an intellect and will and with those characteristics freely knows and loves as God. Confirmation imparts the gift of the Holy Spirit. Rather, this was a manifestation of the Spirit who was already with Jesus revealing this reality. : The laying on of hands is a sign of the outpouring of the Holy Spirit. But it’s also important to point out that the age we are in now, the age after the life, death, resurrection and ascension of the Son, is especially the age of the Holy Spirit! Understandin… At the Annunciation, Mary conceived her Savior, and the Savior of the whole world, “by the power of the Holy Spirit.”. Church:  At Pentecost the Church is born. A formal doctrine of the Holy Spirit wasn't articulate until the early third century. The Holy Spirit comes when a person prays or reads Scripture, or when a person asks the Holy Spirit for guidance, inspiration or courage. When this is properly understood, we should be in awe and greatly anticipate what God has in mind for us while we travel this pilgrimage on earth! Finger:  It was by the “finger” of God that Jesus did many great works. It is the task of the Holy Spirit to bestow these gifts. It also means that they act in perfect unity. As a Person, the Holy Spirit is one we can be in relation with. He is depicted as “bear[ing] witness,” “establish[ing] a covenant,” is referred to as “the Lord,” “puts [his] laws on [our] hearts,” and even forgives sins. For these men are not drunk, as you suppose, since it is only the third hour of the day; but this is what was spoken by the prophet Joel: ‘And in the last days it shall be, God declares, that I will pour out my Spirit upon all flesh, and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams; yea, and on my menservants and my maidservants in those days I will pour out my Spirit; and they shall prophesy.’”. It’s an interesting reality. This does not mean that lances or daggers are actually female and personal! White is a symbol of purity, and its wings give it swiftness and agility to descend from the Heavens. He is there in His fullness, veiled by the liturgical action itself. He wants to inspire each and every one of us for a powerful work He has given only to us. That Messiah would come and, in the end, bestow the Holy Spirit. Jesus promised His Advocate, the Holy Spirit, to His disciples. “Spirit” being neuter, on the other hand, supposedly indicates we are dealing with an impersonal force rather than a person. 31:47 - Most of my family is Catholic and has received Confirmation, but they don’t seem like they’ve received the Holy Spirit. They receive various charisms and are given a new strength and boldness to proclaim the Gospel. What actually gives life? The Holy Spirit (Arabic: روح القدس Ruh al-Qudus, "the Spirit of Holiness") is mentioned four times in the Qur'an, where it acts as an agent of divine action or communication. Much more will be said on this later on in Book Two of this series: But for now this brief introduction will suffice. Seven gifts of the Holy Spirit are imparted on those who receive the sacrament of confirmation. We do not deny the verses of Scripture indicating his personhood because he is described as being “poured out” in Acts 2:17. This means that the Holy Spirit did not just appear after Jesus ascended into Heaven. Bishop Barron will be commenting on subjects from modern day culture. What is the Holy Spirit? They are perfection! The Holy S pirit is the 3rd person of the Blessed Trinity, and the one most active in the world today. Personhood means there is potential for love and union. Three key points are in evidence here. The theology of the Holy Spirit (or Holy Ghost - the two terms mean the same thing) is a huge subject. Prayer is communication with God, and the ultimate form of communication we are called to have with God in prayer is surrender and love. Tradition is the word used to specify the teaching action of the Holy Spirit in every age. Next: Chapter 7 – The Church: The Living Body of Christ! It was the Spirit who guided each word revealing what He wanted written. on Amazon. The Holy Spirit is one member of the Holy Trinity. The dove was present with Noah at the ark, the dove descended upon Jesus at His baptism. We also profess that the human author wrote under the guidance and inspiration of the Holy Spirit! Thus, their inability to keep the law was a sign they needed more. Jesus promised His Advocate, the Holy Spirit, to His disciples. So let’s take a closer look at the activity of the Holy Spirit. By “joint action” I mean that the Church, in the person of the priest, speaks and acts using the assigned words, matter and actions (i.e., extending hands over bread and wine while speaking the words of consecration). Of course not! The saints are the great witnesses of God. kingdoms would fall as people failed to live by the law which was revealed by the Spirit. He is One, yet He is also Three. We do not see Him with our eyes, but He is there. We know the Holy Spirit…. Take time to breathe and reflect on the Holy Spirit within your breath. Seal: To be marked or sealed with God is an action of the Holy Spirit. The proper name of the Holy Spirit 691 "Holy Spirit" is the proper name of the one whom we adore and glorify with the Father and the Son. Notice the Holy Spirit is synonymous with God himself. Why? We need special charism (gifts) to accomplish this responsibility. The Holy Spirit “intercedes for us” insofar as the Holy Spirit acts on us, transforming us into a member of Christ Himself, so as to present us to the Father in Heaven. Thus we are really "sharers in the divine nature" (2 Peter 1:4). The Muslim interpretation of the Holy Spirit is generally consistent with other interpretations based upon the Old and the New Testaments. Gifts of the Holy Ghost. There are numerous references to the Holy Spirit in the Old and New Testaments. One of the first reasons given for denying the divine nature of the Holy Spirit is often to point out that the Greek word for “spirit” (pneuma) is neuter. The cloud is a masking and veiling of the presence of the Spirit, and the light is but a small portion of the radiance of the Holy Spirit shining forth. How unsearchable are his judgments and how inscrutable his ways! He was the greatest of the prophets who spoke with the anointing of the Spirit of God. Rather, this was a manifestation of the Spirit who was already with Jesus revealing this reality. The most common attacks on Catholic belief concerning the Holy Spirit generally come from quasi-Christian sects such as the Iglesia Ni Cristo, Jehovah’s Witnesses and others who deny the central mystery of the Christian faith—the Trinity. Nevertheless I tell you the truth: it is to your advantage that I go away, for if I do not go away, the Counselor will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you. We say, in philosophical language, that the Holy Spirit is “consubstantial” with the Father and the Son, and with the Father and the Son is adored and glorified. The Holy Spirit is God, the third Person of the Trinity. Each one of these images reveals a unique characteristic of the Holy Spirit. The third person of the Blessed Trinity, the Holy Spirit, is sometimes referred to as “the forgotten” member of the Godhead. This is not something the Holy Spirit will do again, inspiring more Scripture to be written. The person who receives this sacrament has already received the Holy Spirit in the sacrament of baptism, and the Holy Spirit abides with a person always. No, instead He gave us the Holy Spirit, and most specifically, He gave the unique gift of the Holy Spirit to the Apostles and their successors to teach us and to lead us into all truth in every day and age when questions would arise. Another part of a video series from Wordonfire.org. It was a pillar of cloud by day and a pillar of fire by night that led the Israelites through the desert. And the Spirit loves us just as He loves the Father and the Son. The Holy Spirit is God1.2 II. The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of the Risen Lord, the Spirit of adoption poured into our hearts (cf. “Con” means “with,” and “substantial” means “substance.”  Again, this is philosophical terminology that our Church has used to try to vaguely put into language the relationships between these three divine Persons. For example, John 20:22 says that Jesus “breathed on them and said to them, ‘receive the Holy Spirit.’”  The breath of God or wind of God is seen many places in the Scriptures, as we will see in our next section. The Liturgy is a work of the Holy Spirit where the entire Trinity is made present. As a Person, the Holy Spirit is one we can be in relation with. The law, given through Moses, was also a manifestation of God’s order and direction. What sustains life? That the Holy Spirit burns like a fire out of control, yet it does not consume. :  It was by the “finger” of God that Jesus did many great works. In this text, St. Peter describes the power of God being manifested on the day of Pentecost by quoting Joel 2:28: But Peter, standing with the eleven, lifted up his voice and addressed them, “Men of Judea and all who dwell in Jerusalem, let this be known to you, and give ear to my words. The Holy Spirit makes us who we are as Christians. kingdoms would fall as people failed to live by the law which was revealed by the Spirit. Now that’s saying a lot. From their childhood, Catholics learn to pray the sign of the cross: “In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.”. : Jesus is the “Anointed One.”  He is filled with the Holy Spirit and one with the Holy Spirit. Speaking of the importance of context, the verse of Scripture used to “prove” the Holy Spirit to be an impersonal force actually demonstrates, when examined more fully, that the Holy Spirit is both personal and masculine. One last obstacle for some who deny the personhood of the Holy Spirit is found in Acts 2:14-18. It’s confusing to many. In all your hardships, ask the Holy Spirit to console you. In your decision making, ask the Spirit to help guide you. . From the teachings of Christ throughout the history of the Church, Christians believed and still believe that the Holy Spirit is an all-powerful Person. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. And this is important! Likewise, he is all-loving, forgiving, merciful and just. —In the charisms and ministries by which the Church is built up; Romans 11:33-34 tells us: “O the depth of the riches and wisdom and knowledge of God! St. Augustine taught us, "what the soul is to man's body, the Holy Spirit is to the Body of Christ, which is the Church. : The symbol of anointing with oil also signifies an outpouring of the Holy Spirit. Through the conviction and power of the Holy Spirit, believers will not indulge the sinful acts of the flesh ( Galatians 5:16-21 ) but will bear the good fruit of the Spirit ( Galatians 5:22-25 ). We see this in several of the sacraments (Baptism, Confirmation, Anointing of the Sick, and Holy Orders). Together, flowing from " the same divine well spring" they form the deposit of faith, which with the help of the Holy Spirit, has been preserved in the Catholic Church since the time of Jesus. Through that person, each particular book of the Scriptures was written. And it is by the finger of God that the Holy Spirit continues to work in our day and age. This shows the Holy Spirit at work in Jesus’ ministry. Hand: The laying on of hands is a sign of the outpouring of the Holy Spirit. It was the finger of God that gave the Ten Commandments. ‘For who has known the mind of the Lord, or who has been his counselor?’”. God is also made present to us in all liturgical actions, but above all, it is the Holy Eucharist that we hold up as the summit of His presence! The third person of the Holy Trinity, who is distinct from the Father and the Son but one in being, coequal, and coeternal with them, because, like them, he is in the fullest sense God. Lesson 10 - The Virtues and the Gifts of the Holy Spirit Grade 3-5 Lesson 10 - The Virtues and the Gifts of the Holy Spirit Grade 6-8 Lesson 11 - The Catholic Church Grade 3-5 The Sacramental Liturgy is the most powerful way that God is present to us right here, right now. It is the Holy Spirit who is given to us in baptism. A charism is a spiritual gift given to someone for the good of the Church. One God, three divine Persons. Therefore I was provoked with that generation, and said, ‘They always go astray in their hearts; they have not known my ways.’”. Much can be said about living creatures and how they work from a scientific perspective. What sustains life? It is by John’s hand that Jesus was baptized after which the Holy Spirit descended in manifest form. John the Baptist: John was “filled with the Holy Spirit” from his mother’s womb. The Father is especially seen and revealed in the creation of the world, the Son is especially seen and revealed in the redemption of the world after it fell from innocence, and the Holy Spirit is now clearly seen and revealed as the one active in our lives and in the Church sanctifying (making holy) all who follow Jesus and all who seek the will of the Father. —In the Tradition, to which the Church Fathers are always timely witnesses; —In the Church’s Magisterium, which he assists; Jesus established the Church and bestowed the Spirit upon the Apostles who were His first bishops with Peter being the first pope. Water: Water signifies the Holy Spirit in that it is poured and cleanses. That Messiah would come and, in the end, bestow the Holy Spirit. In the Eucharist, we have a unity of Heaven and Earth. A theophany is a manifestation of God, by the working of the Holy Spirit, pointing to the promise of God that will ultimately be fulfilled by the Holy Spirit. Further, if being referred to as “spirit” indicates the third person of the Blessed Trinity is impersonal, then both angels and God the Father would have to be “forces” rather than persons as well. God the Holy Spirit takes the initiative by way of an invitation. There have been many images of the Holy Spirit used in Scripture. For example, the Latin word for lance is lancea, which is feminine. True prayer is thus the fruit of the Spirit's presence within us. Promise, Theophanies, and the Law: God spoke to Moses, Joshua and the great prophets in various ways. —In the sacramental liturgy, through its words and symbols, in which the Holy Spirit puts us into communion with Christ; The Sacramental Liturgy is the most powerful way that God is present to us right here, right now. This brings us to the next chapter on the Church itself! Rather, the Holy Spirit has been active with the Father and the Son from all eternity. Let’s take John 14:16-17 to start. : God spoke to Moses, Joshua and the great prophets in various ways. All that the Father has is mine; therefore I said that he will take what is mine and declare it to you. All of these point to the promise of God’s future gift of salvation. —in the signs of apostolic and missionary life; But the fact that the human author was inspired and was used as such a powerful instrument should tell us not only much about this wonderful gift of the Bible, it should also tell us much about the fact that the Holy Spirit wants to use us humans for divine work. Tertullian (c.160-c.225) and the Montanist heresy showed the need to distinguish between true and false activities of the Holy Spirit. If we only consider John chapters 14, 15, and 16, the evidence is overwhelming. It is this action that also guarantees the working of the Holy Spirit to make present the Savior of the world in a real and sacramental way. It was revealed to us through the prophets and patriarchs that there was one God and only one. This article gives a systematic explanation from the Catholic point of view.. Catholic theology of the Holy Spirit is very little different from general Protestant or Orthodox theology of the Holy Spirit, with a few notable exceptions, which I will attempt to list: That’s right, we need God’s help to pray to God. This is a messianic Psalm referring to our Lord’s Passion. That the Holy Spirit is like destructive floodwaters, covering a land, yet also like a replenishing drink. Not that the Holy Spirit wasn’t already with Him fully. And we came to realize that this Holy Spirit is also God, also I AM. The Gift of Piety. We say, for example, in Confirmation that there is an indelible character, a spiritual character, a seal, that is impressed upon one’s soul. Everyone who has grace in their lives. It was a pillar of cloud by day and a pillar of fire by night that led the Israelites through the desert. At Mass, the priest’s prayers frequently mention the Father, the Son, and the Spirit as well.The reason for this is that Catholics believe that God is not merely Unity (as all monotheists believe), but also Trinity. The dove was present with Noah at the ark, the dove descended upon Jesus at His baptism. These manifestations of God’s presence are theophanies. This is done by an action of the Holy Spirit alive within the Church. The human author of each book of the Scriptures, as explained in Chapter 1, is a true author of the Holy Scriptures. Catholics agree that spirit in Greek is a neuter term. This is seen in the story of Noah and the flood as well as in the story of the Red Sea when water destroyed the Egyptian army. A divine Person. Six are listed in the “Immanuel Prophecy,” which describes an expected future ideal Davidic king: wisdom and understanding, counsel and strength … So the Holy Spirit has been very much alive and active in the history of our world and continues to be active in the life of the Church. And the Spirit loves us just as He loves the Father and the Son. But as time passed, we were also made aware of the Messiah who was the Son of God. This is seen in Baptism, Confirmation, Ordination and the Anointing of the Sick. Because true prayer is something that must be a response to God. Everyone following the will of the Father and living out their Christian dignity as sons and daughters of God. John 14:26, for example, refers to the Spirit as to pneuma to hagion (the Holy Spirit). Fire: Fire transforms that which it touches. We can initiate “prayers.”  But there is a difference between “true prayer” and “prayers that are said.”  True prayer is when God, by an action of the Holy Spirit, speaks to us and draws us by an interior calling. Much can be said about living creatures and how they work from a scientific perspective. Equal in dignity and majesty with the Father and the Son. Both the personhood as well as the divinity of the Holy Spirit are rejected by these groups. We also recall that Jesus laid hands on the sick to cure them. For more information, please see the entire Catholic Encyclopedia article regarding the Holy Spirit. When Jesus was nearing His trial and crucifixion, He promised his apostles that He would ask God to send them His Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit is the “Holy Breath of God.”  This image is seen in various places in the Scriptures. And what are these divine qualities that they each share in? At His baptism, the Spirit descends in fullness upon Him. 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