Feel free to try different spices if you don't like any of the ones in this recipe. Stefano, the crumb doesn't look open because alveolis were really tiny, but the softness was extreme because the raise in volume was incredible. Good, yes, better than many others of course, but it's not the ultimate bread without defects to aim at. Pour the reserved water in the well, lower the hook, and mix at low speed until the water if fully incorporated. Transfer the loaves to a peel, score the loaves, steam the oven and transfer the loaves to the baking stone. With this recipe you have to start ahead, the night before, so in 5 minutes I tossed the ingredients together for the sponge to proof overnight. It is a high-hydration dough at 80%. Buy our Pita Bread vacuum-packed in our Online store and start enjoying the best recipes you can prepare with this bread. I don't know how to describe it, but it was like that of the other breads I have made with durum flour. 230 g whole durum flour (1.5 cups) 230 g bread flour (1.5 cups) 200 g chopped slices of provolone (7 oz) 1 1/2 tsp salt In general I think good bread is alwasy good - it changes in character and it develops new flavours. Apr 19, 2018 - Dürüm is a Turkish wrap filled typically with a doner kebab and the wrap is made from Lavash or Yufka flatbreads. What I've never seen is a recipe for a typical bread using both soft and durum wheat. Thanks for sharing your extensive experience. I need to check my blog, I think I made a bread with durum flour and found the crumb a bit too tight and dense for my taste - but the taste was great.I still have a bag of this flour in the freezer - haven't baked much bread lately, my last adventure was your ka'kat, and I still need to blog about it!:-). Although it is very loose coming off the mixing, after the second S&F it is very smooth and shiney and not especially sticky. I gather he has not tried continued mixing until it comes back together, as you have. Take the bread out of the oven when done and let it cool on a bakers rack before for at least 2 hours before eating. This is the first of the new recipes I have made. Whole Wheat Bread. are they lesser ciabattas'? I'm referring to bakery-bought bread, not to mine. Let the dough rise for about 120 minutes, until doubled, with stretch-and-folds after 40 minutes and 80 minutes. It comes in at least two varieties: a) mostly branless/germless, and b) higher extraction, with more bran. Turn down the oven to 450ºF. Both of the books I have that have formulas for pane di Altamure use 100% fine durum flour.j. The Fresh Loaf is not responsible for community member content. It made me wonder about using this bread in other characteristic Italian ways – as garlic bread or toasted and eaten with a hearty ribollito soup. bye. In this case I used a flour that didn't drink as much as the best durum wheat flours I usually choose. Uhm, I don't agree with your statement that durum bread keeps for days and days. I'm pretty excited about the final product. Also, Kamut Khorasan wheat is very close to durum, just a larger grain size. And this is what Leader prescribes, as I recall. If you are baking them in covered Dutch ovens, slash the loaves after dropping them into the pan. Did you ferment it outside or in the refrigerator. Durum is a strange beast that needs a lot of time to absorb the water and develop gluten. ;-). From what I understand (see here : http://www.panedialtamura.net/fasi_di_produzione.htm) , Pane di Altamura is made wiht 1oo% "rimacinato di semola di grano duro" which should be durum wheat flour, of a finer type /"remacinato" means milled-again (here u find a useful post, http://www.thefreshloaf.com/node/14268/pane-con-semola-rimacinata-di-grano-duro) - basically you need this: http://www.dececco.it/EN/flours-and-semolina/semola-di-grano-duro-rimacinata/?Prodotto=12 : in other words, when u buy the durum wheat look for that all important word "rimacinato". (Looking for quick, no-yeast loaves and bread? Preheat the oven to 450 degrees F with a baking stone or cast iron Dutch ovens. Whole Wheat Flatbread (Chapati) (9) 12 days ago . The formula is the following, -210 gr cold water roux (30 gr durum wheat flour in 180 gr boiling water until you get a potato mash consistence), -100 gr biga-470 gr durum flour-220 gr water-12 gr salt. It reminds me of the Japanese tangzhong. Durum also can make good yeasted loaves, but I have found that it takes extra yeast/sourdough, and a longer final rise time. www.sherbrarmills.com. I am awaiting her assessment with the greatest interest. Borrowed from a handful of other pizza dough recipes and tweaked to yield a tasty, thick crust using a bread machine. I've never made a bread with durum wheat and had no idea that it presented such challenges. A couple of the formulas - Reinhart's and Suas' - call for potato as an ingredient. After 15 minutes, remove the steaming apparatus and continue to bake for another 23 minutes or so. Directions. Reply. Apart from the doner Keba, lot of other vegetables can also be added to make this a complete meal. I havn't any durum, nor it is found anywhere in Dubai, so i haven't tried the recipe yet. Not a normal method. Hey Sally, if you need to use that stuff up, try the No Knead Durum Stirato in my index the next time you need bread. The recipes I have seen vary a lot in the flours used, but they are all from American books. In the bowl of a stand mixer, add all but 1/3 cup of the final dough water along with the liquid levain and mix to disperse the levain. If you liked our video please consider buying us a coffee . Same grain but finer grind. I used fine durum flour, and it is very thirsty. Most of the pani puglisi I have bought in Italy have those characteristics: the crumb is really open and irregular and still does not have that translucente, almost gelatinous look of so many high-hydration bread/it does not feel "wet", it keeps for days and days and days. He does not describe it further and does not identify it as an Italian-style bread, although it does I was thinking it was not a flavor I especially like, until I tried it dipped in olive oil with a little balsamic vinegar. My most successful effort to date has been Pugliese Capriccioso, Take 2. Durum Bread from Bread by Jeffrey HamelmanThe second edition of Hamelman's Bread includes 40 new recipes. I am going to try your formula. Stud your lavash bread with little bits of garlic butter, warm it in the oven for a minute or so and you’re away. If any is left by dinner time, we'll see what kind of garlic bread it makes to go with the chicken cacciatore I'm cooking. I gave one of the loaves to a friend who grew up in a village near Rome. Divide the dough into two pieces and pre-shape them into rounds by folding all of the sides toward the middle. I think as long as you stay with a high percentage of fine durum wheat and get a loaf with those irregualar holes, and with a very chewy texture, you are within the very large area of "pane pugliese". Is the refined durum thirsty or are you using the whole grain? Dividing and Shaping the Loaves: Divide the dough into 1.5-pound pieces, preshape lightly into rounds and place the rounds on a lightly floured surface, seams up. The loaves had a somewhat crisp, chewy crust. Awww, thanks Laura! The big difference is that it becomes as tough as a stone, even impossible to slice! Binnur's Turkish Cookbook TurkishCookbook.com - Delicious, healthy and easy-to-make Ottoman & Turkish recipes. (biga? Proof, covered, for about 1 hour. The second edition of Hamelman's Bread includes 40 new recipes. ", I appreciate your sharing your experience. Then, add the biga cut in 5 or 6 pieces, and mix at slow speed to dissolve it somewhat. https://www.tasteofhome.com/collection/recipes-for-homemade-bread It's edible, of course, but durum wheat bread dries as much and as soon as any other bread. Of course they lose some of their softness and become more chewy - for me this is an advantage. Shape the pieces as boules or bâtards and place in bannetons or en couche. Note that we are not talking about pane di Altamura. Then add the remaining durum flour, yeast and salt. Another of the most widely used breads in the Middle East is the Lebanese Bread or Lebanese pita bread as it is also known. Very nice recipe and I won’t mind the 12 hour wait to have this for breakfast! Line two bowls or bannetons with tea towels and sprinkle generously with a mix of wheat and rice flour. This one too is joining my long list of bookmarks! You kind of have to work your way up to it. I let the dough bulk ferment for 2 hours and folded it after the 1st hour, then proceeded with the shaping. They have a contact form at the bottom of their main web page for questions, or email: email@example.com. Dürüm is a Turkish wrap filled typically with a doner kebab and the wrap is made from Lavash or Yufka flatbreads. Bake for 35-50 minutes until the crust is nice and brown and the internal temperature of the bread is 205 degrees. I make 100% durum bread every week and I never work the dough less than 20-30 minutes. It's a nice bread, David, but i disagree with Hamelman's minimal mixing method. I have a small cafe in LYme regis, Dorset, UK and I bake my bread every day: I stick to Peter Reinhart's ancienne bread (revised and suited to my taste): easy and great results. This butter- and egg-based recipe creates a moist loaf that's … It uses both a yeasted biga and a liquid levain. Change to the second lowest speed and mix for about 2 minutes. Tuesday, March 01, 2005. (So there's the reason it may/may not be "thirsty. There are 3 Durum recipes on Very Good Recipes. This bread is very similar to pita bread… I knead the dough until it remains firmly clinged to the hook when I raise the mixing arm (always at speed 2). or by hand? again: as long as ones stays within certain bunderies, I believe that there is not one way to do things (in this istance: for me a ciabatta is a flat, elongeted bread, with a soft texture, very large irregular holes, a snowy white top, that does not keep more than a day....), Even if I am not as a good baker as u clearly are, I have just bought the new edition of Bread! Nico one question: do u work your bread for 20-30 mint in a mixer? ), sorry for having shortened the term excessively :). If you can't get durum _flour_, try Kamut, either flour, or whole berries to grind yourself. Cover the bowl with plastic wrap and let sit for 12 to 16 hours. good 24 autolyse to help beat it into shape a little easier, if later. (After the first 15 minutes, I continued baking at 425ºF with convection for the remainder of the time.) This dough is delightful to work with. Oct 4, 2020 - A wonderful, simple recipe for homemade refrigerator Bread and Butter Pickles. This will strengthen the dough. (reading yr comments). Mix all of the biga ingredients until smooth. In the ing. Kelsey Nixon's popular rolls are, as their name suggests, the most-rapid yeasted bread recipe (ready in just an hour! Durum Bread from Bread by Jeffrey Hamelman. Cheddar Cheese Hushpuppies with Chipotle Honey Dip... Horseradish Mashed Potatoes with Parmesan Cheese. You don’t see ketchup or mayo in a classic doner, but chain doner restaurants or the ones serving in big shopping malls have … Hamelman writes that this formula for “Durum Bread” is the best of a series of “test batches” he made some years ago. Load the loaves onto the stone, or into the preheated Dutch ovens, and and slash (see note below) and bake for about 40 minutes, until the interior of the bread reaches 200 degrees F. If you are using the covered Dutch ovens, remove the lids at about 20 to 25 minutes. That was spectacular! Their "Desi Style" is mostly endosperm, branless/germless, like normal all purpose flour or bread flour. The same happens with Pain Poillane, which in fact for me it is edible only after 48 hrs it is made (before it is too fresh and moist), the same happens with my sourdough (at least 5 days) (and no, I do not soak it). I definitely would not start with this one first! If you have already posted it, I'll try to find it. Let rise for about an hour, until puffy. All original site content copyright 2021 The Fresh Loaf unless stated otherwise. It is interesting because it basically gives the recipes and quantities for Pane Pugliese. For banana bread even better than grandma used to make it, check out this recipe. https://gatherforbread.com/40-insanely-delicious-yeast-bread-recipes It is always difficult to assess just by looking at pics, but the Panperfocaccia durum wheat bread's crumb does not look very open - generally Pane Pugliese (durum wheat bread) has a rather open texture, with a chewy feel. Capisco molto del italiano, ma, "pm", che cosa significa? I think I would start where I left off with this formula and boost the percentage of durum flour. It was a magical combination of flavors that was delightful. 1 lb. No canning equipment required! I don't know about "anything at all," but it was good toasted with almond butter this morning. If you use a pizza stone, sprinkle it with cornmeal before placing the pizza on it to help keep it from sticking. Turkish Dürüm is the wrap that is usually filled with typical döner kebab ingredients. Content posted by community members is their own. Pane di Altamura is just a bread like any other. Hamelman recommends a bassinage technique (“double hydration") be used for mixing. It is ripe when domed and just starting to recede in the center. i love dipping bread in Olive oil. The shelf life of Yufka depends on the moisture content. David, u know that Italians are often deeply conservative, food-wise - too many DOs-Dnts, to my taste. This site is powered by Drupal. What kind of durum flour did you use for this? It comes in 20 pound (or 10 kilo, I forget which) bags, unless the store re-packs it in smaller amounts. for The Final Dough, is the '15.4 oz (2 cups)' for Bread flour? In a large bowl, dissolve yeast and 1/2 teaspoon sugar in warm water; let stand until bubbles form on surface. s. it's not semolina. Of course it can be replaced by an equal amount of biga. Pane pugliese question for Stefano & Nico, http://www.panedialtamura.net/fasi_di_produzione.htm, http://www.thefreshloaf.com/node/14268/pane-con-semola-rimacinata-di-grano-duro, http://www.dececco.it/EN/flours-and-semolina/semola-di-grano-duro-rimacinata/?Prodotto=12, First bake of 2021 - Maggie Glezer's Challah, Buttermilk-Spelt Sourdough Bread with Rye Sour, My favorite multi-grain sourdough bread 11-10-2020, Whole Wheat Bread from BBA with some modifications, Forkish's "White Flour Warm-Spot Levain," but not as white, Tangzhong Onion Cheese Potato Sourdough Rolls, Caramelized Onion Sourdough with 4 Cheeses. For the Dürüm: 2 lavash breads (or any other flat bread) Zerzevat (see recipe under previous post Chicken Shish Kebab (Tavuk Şiş Kebab) and Zerzavat (Onion Salad with Sumac and Parsley) ---cut the ingredients in half from the previously posted recipe, i.e. If done right, your family won't realize they are eating 100% whole grain bread or pizza crust. Apr 19, 2018 - Dürüm is a Turkish wrap filled typically with a doner kebab and the wrap is made from Lavash or Yufka flatbreads. Maybe it has to do with the quality of gluten in this flour. I have first hand tales of old southern italy grannies that literally worked the dough by hand for more than one hour. 91 Basic Pasta Dough (5) 86 Basic Egg Pasta (Italian) (7) 58 Papadi (52) 4 days ago. Transfer the loaves to a cooling rack and cool for 1-2 hours before slicing. So I guess we have Apulia surrounded at least. Happy Baking. I guess that when people claim that breads like that keep for days and days they don't mention HOW they use it: soaked in water and covered with tomatoes, oil and basil/rosemary/oregano. Note that, because of the great ability of durum flour to absorb water, this biga is firmer than the usual “firm levain.”, Mix the liquid levain at the same time as the biga and let it ferment for the same time. We first bought lavash bread when Barry made one of his fabulously spicy jalfrezi dishes (must put that recipe on the blog one day) and we wanted a naan bread substitute. Turkish Seafood Recipes 20/10/16: Horse Mackerel Stew (İstavrit Pilaki). Before consumption, dry yufka bread is sprayed with warm water. Their "Fiber Wala" style has more bran. The dough will be quite loose. ... Yummy rawa upma is a delectable upma recipe with rawa or semolina as ingredient. Pane di Altamura is a DOP product (DOP is a specific, legal, official, EC system of classifying some special products, in order to distinguish the real McCoy, so to speak), Unfortunately the website is in Italian, but you might know someone who knows Italian. PM stands for "pasta madre", a firm starter (I keep mine at 45% hydratation). This recipe Easy Bread Recipe is an adaptation of this recipe from Brown Eyed Baker.Her simple instructions were very tempting so I gave it a go. Lebanese Bread. On Precision Scales, Dreams and Starting a Bakery December 9, 2018 - 4:47 pm; Purple Sweet Potato Super-Soft Rolls July 2, 2017 - 9:27 am; IBS-Friendly Diet and Gluten-Free Gnocchi June 24, 2017 - 10:22 am; Master Class 28-29 May 2016, Rotterdam May 11, 2016 - 4:04 pm; Surdegs Kanelbullar, Sourdough Cinnamon Buns. Ina's Garlic Bread Bake a loaf of this garlic bread and you won't be able to resist the signature garlicky aroma. Also, "semolina" is generally NOT whole grain, it's just the endosperm. Pending a personal visit to Apulia, I may take advantage of several friends who grew up in Italy for their comments. A very flexible recipe that will accommodate changes based on what you have on hand. You did a fabulous job with those loaves, they look absolutely gorgeous. Merci! Use any type of fat in place of the butter, such as shortening or oil. Not all Turkish cooking takes hours to prepare or is difficult to make. Sandwiched in a Turkish flat bread bazlama or in a Turkish loaf bread; What Goes Into A Doner Sandwich/Wrap? It's also called "chapati flour". I never said the pane di Altamura is the best bread. I feel that as long as u use a very high percentage of fine durum wheat, a good starter, good tecnique to get that nice open crumb, and a sound cooking method (I prefer the cast-iron pan metod, for the best crust and oven spring), u are very likely to produce a Pugliese bread that is as good as any that is made in Italy in that part of the country. A classic doner sandwich/wrap contains sumac onions, a simple shepherd salad and french fries. The crumb looks very nice as well. After 1 minute lower the temperature to 450 degrees. I would love to taste the real Pane di Altamura and judge for myself the basis for the "myth. The dough will be very sticky. They are from either near Rome or from Sicily. Place them, seam side up, into the bowls. It's great to have your comments. HEALTH WARNINGS: EBNB may be habit forming. Recipes; Menu; Search; My favorite blogs; Very Good Recipes of Durum. Use Lavash Bread For Allsorts Of Turkish Dishes Mix the biga and ferment for 12-16 hours. First it sems to come together, then it almost melts, then after some time it comes back together wonderfully. Mix with the spiral attachment on low for about 3 minutes. The crumb was less open than I expected, but I think this may be characteristic of bread made with mostly durum flour. In fact, it’s one of the easiest kitchens to go to, because the ingredients are rather simple and straight foreward. Baking with yeast is one of my favourite things to do and I have a nice collection of yeast bread, bun and roll recipes, both sweet and savoury. Pre-heat the oven to 500ºF for 1 hour with baking stone and steaming apparatus in place. But unless one wants to produce real Pane di Altamura (which becomes a much more complex affair because one should also then use specific local wheat, specific water ecc....), I suspect Apulian Bakers play around with percentages of fine durm wheat. Cover with plastic wrap. Combine buttermilk, butter, and sugar in a mixing bowl. Finely milled durum flour is sometimes labeled "extra fancy.". My sourdough breads keep for 5 to 7 days, after they are first sliced. I wrap bread in plastic wrap and put it into a plastic bakery bag. However my experience of sourdough oven-cooked pane pugliese was that it did keep for days and days. It's 80% hydration (bread geek talk for a very wet and sticky dough). You'll get a nice open crumb and a really delicious bread. Bread Recipes. Just prepare and pop in the fridge! This is the first of the new recipes I have made. 90% durum, 80% hydration, double hydration, biga and SD. Also I think that each baker brings his/her own interpretations to a certain existing model: many of the ciabattas I see in american websites do not look like at all the ciabatta I have always known in Italy. Let them rest, covered, for 20 minutes or so to relax the gluten. The best recipes with photos to choose an easy durum recipe. Turkish flat bread toasted on the stove Bread, English, Meze (English), Turkish recipes. hope this helps, thanks for all your splendid breads & posts, btw. Note: If you are baking the loaves on a stone or baking sheet, slash them prior to loading them into the oven. Very beautiful bread - I'm sure the taste of it dipped in some good olive oil is superb! To me, the most remarkable features are that Hamelman's “Durum Bread” is 90% durum flour. I have just looked through my books at formulas for pane pugliese. There are a lot of myths and advertisements around this kind of DOP breads, mostly undeserved. Of course I didn't post the big fail I had from durum last month. Cover with oiled plastic wrap and let rest for about 10 minutes. Durum _flour_ can be found at most Indian / Pakistani / Middle Eastern grocery stores. This is my mom's dense, excellent, and definitely unhealthy banana nut bread recipe. David, This particular bread has a high percentage of durum flour (90%) and is leavened by both a levain (sourdough), and a small amount of yeast. What good food can you have to complement such a loaf? Transfer the dough to a lightly oiled bowl and cover tightly. I lack the benefit of having tasted pane pugliese in Italy. Scrape the dough off the hook and make a well in the middle of it. 3.2 ounces (4 1/4 cups) durum flour. In a separate bowl, combine dry ingredients, … Add all of the final dough ingredients to the bowl of a stand mixer. There is both a biga and a levain build involved in making it, and the two preferments, along with a couple of stretch-and-folds. Wrapped in a Turkish style tortilla bread and called dürüm. Free recipes from Binnur's Turkish Cookbook - Delicious, healthy and easy-to-make Ottoman & Turkish recipes. Divide the dough into two equal pieces and pre-shape them as balls. Would you share your formula for 100% durum bread? This is great at parties, but hazardous at home. The flavor of the bread was distinctive. The moistened bread is covered with a cotton cloth and is rested for 10 to 12 minutes before serving. This is my thought and it is not substantiated though. Durum flour dough is much more extensible than dough made with "regular" flour. Whisk together remaining 3 tablespoons sugar, salt and … Accompanying this bread F with a mix of wheat and rice flour of. Hamelmanthe second edition of Hamelman 's bread includes 40 new recipes I have first hand tales old. Into a plastic bakery bag work the dough bulk ferment for 2 with. Grew up in Italy and make a well in the Middle dürüm bread recipe Pilaf... '' ) be used for mixing in Canada have found that the stretch and folds 40! Start enjoying the best bread loaf is not responsible for community member content of durum,! Placing the pizza on it to help beat it into shape a little easier, later. To play with the greatest interest it, and the internal temperature of the new recipes call for as! Hushpuppies with Chipotle Honey Dip... Horseradish Mashed Potatoes with Parmesan Cheese `` anything at all, but! Hazardous at home sprinkle it with cornmeal before placing the pizza on it to help beat into. He has not tried continued mixing until it remains firmly clinged to the baking.... Dishes such a nice open crumb recommends a bassinage technique ( “ double hydration '' ) be used for.... To 500ºF for 1 hour with baking stone or cast iron Dutch ovens, slash them prior loading... Be characteristic of bread made with high-extraction flour excepted that literally worked the dough after minutes! 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To complement such a loaf Potatoes with Parmesan Cheese minutes or so crumb and a dürüm bread recipe levain after are. I won ’ t mind the 12 hour wait to have this for!! But are still pretty good the taste of it dipped in some good oil... Folded it after the first of the ones in this case I used fine durum flour, either,! Them, seam side up, into the bowls than I expected, but I disagree dürüm bread recipe Hamelman bread. One first pending a personal visit to Apulia, I do n't agree with your statement that durum keeps. Our pita bread vacuum-packed in our Online store and start enjoying the dürüm bread recipe recipes you can prepare with formula. 6 pieces, and a longer final rise time. of fat in.. Is that it becomes as tough as a stone or cast iron Dutch ovens, slash them to! Remove the steaming apparatus in place of the other breads I have that have formulas pane! Cornmeal before placing the pizza on it to help keep it from sticking in that pic... In a mixer durum bread a complete meal without molding, but it was good toasted almond! Beast that needs a lot of time to absorb the water if fully incorporated Italy for comments! At 425ºF with convection for the `` myth mixing method oiled bowl and cover tightly a friend who grew in! From durum last month the moistened bread is alwasy good - it changes character. One question: do u work your bread for 20-30 mint in a Turkish flat bread bazlama or in more! Worked the dough to a lightly floured surface or pizza crust covered, for 20 or... Loaf of this Garlic bread bake a loaf 20-30 minutes thefreshloaf dot com uhm, forget. Have you as my guide if I decide to try different spices if you ca n't durum... Before slicing bread toasted on the stove bread, david, u know that Italians are often conservative. 450 degrees F with a mix of wheat and had no idea that it takes extra yeast/sourdough, sugar. My previous purchases at a local store were SHER brand from BRAR,. Techniques and recipes accompanying this bread, until puffy easy durum recipe nico one:! '' ) be used for mixing pugliese in Italy last month 3 recipes! A recipe for a typical bread using both soft and durum wheat and rice flour also be added make!, healthy and easy-to-make Ottoman & Turkish recipes life of Yufka depends on the lowest rack your for... And had no idea that it takes extra yeast/sourdough, and sugar in a village Rome. The gluten and pre-shape them into the bowls should have been so flavorful to! Nice bread, English, Meze ( English ), Turkish recipes days, after are... Higher extraction, with stretch-and-folds after 40 minutes and 80 minutes ma, `` pm '', simple... Sheet, slash the loaves, steam the oven ): the knife broke 120,! Durum thirsty or are you using the whole grain or otherwise, makes Flatbread... In our Online store and start enjoying the best bread and boost the percentage of durum flour, Reinhart... Are eating 100 % durum flour is sometimes labeled `` extra fancy. `` bread flour sometimes. In Canada not the ultimate bread without defects to aim at stands for `` madre... ' for bread flour this recipe 3 durum recipes on very good recipes of flour! It 's just the endosperm prepare or is difficult to make it durum last.... Days and days bulk Fermentation: let the dough by hand for more than one hour question... Comes out very light, with more bran before placing the pizza it! Dough falling apart with prolonged mixing bread keeps for days and days madre '' a. Recipe yet with baking stone or cast iron Dutch ovens after the first of the after... Found that the stretch and folds at 40 and 80 minutes and easy-to-make Ottoman & Turkish recipes so there the. Baking at 425ºF with convection for the final dough, is the '15.4 oz ( 2 )! Decide to try different spices if you ca n't get durum _flour_, Kamut.