National Historic Sites of New Brunswick. Skip the traffic and enjoy being minutes away from rivers, lakes and oceans – New Brunswick is waiting for you. Originally written in 1934, Dr. W. C. Milner, a historian and former Archivist, compiled a detailed History of Sackville, New Brunswick including much biographical genealogical information about individuals and families who made Sackville their home. Northern New Brunswick is dominated by the Appalachian Mountains within the Eastern Canadian forests ecoregion, with the northwestern part of the province consisting of the remote and rugged Miramichi Highlands as well as the Chaleur Uplands and the Notre Dame Mountains, with a maximum elevation at Mount Carleton of 817 m (2,680 ft). New Denmark, New Brunswick, the Oldest Danish Community in Canada Canadian Culture , New Brunswick , Settler History / May 27, 2016 by Alan McNairn / 41 Comments Canada is a country with a rich history of waves of immigrants from European countries. Here you'll find record collections, history, and genealogy resources to help you trace your New Brunswick ancestors. Your Eyes Will Deceive You at Magnetic Hill! There were exceptions however, such as the coming of New England Planters to the Sackville region and the arrival of Pennsylvania Dutch settlers in Moncton in 1766. Forests cover the majority of the province, and coniferous trees commonly found in northern temperate climates—such as balsam fir, red and black spruce, pine, and hemlock—constitute the principal growth. See more of National Historic Sites of New Brunswick on Facebook. F. Fellows' Researching Your Ancestors in New Brunswick pages 128–144 and Genealogist's Handbook for Atlantic Canada Research edited by Terrence M. Punch, pages 7–12. He embarked on the ambitious Equal Opportunity Plan, in which education, rural road maintenance, and health care fell under the sole jurisdiction of a provincial government that insisted on equal coverage throughout the province. Learn about the people who lived there through stories, old newspaper articles, pictures, postcards and genealogy. New Brunswick – Biographical data relating to New Brunswick families, especially of Loyalist descent Programs and services The Alzheimer Society of New Brunswick provides quality programs and services free of charge to individuals living with dementia, their families and their care providers. N.p., n.d. The ancestors of the majority of the Blacks living in New Brunswick came from the United States and the West Indies. However they were not appreciated by the pre-loyalist population in Nova Scotia. As a result, the climate tends to be more continental in character than maritime. On the other hand, New Brunswick, although having a significant seacoast, is sheltered from the Atlantic Ocean proper and has a large interior that is removed from oceanic influences. There are no true mountains, although ranges of rugged and sometimes steep hills run east-west a few miles north of the Fundy coast and in the north-central part of the province, where the highest elevation is Mount Carleton at 2,680 feet (817 metres). There are many different ways to explore this unique region, depending on […] While New Brunswick has contributed significantly to the national life of Canada, it is one of the smaller provinces and has always occupied a lesser role in the national economy. New Brunswick’s first residents were the Maliseet and Mi’kmaq people whose history is best preserved at the Augustine Mound erected near Metepnákiaq. As the 20th century dawned, the province’s economy again began to expand. Its capital is Fredericton. Two influential families, the Irvings and the McCains, emerged from the Depression to begin to modernise and vertically integrate the provincial economy—especially in the vital forestry, food processing, and energy sectors. It's About the Stories. The goal of the Portal is to create a comprehensive online database of New Brunswick’s Scottish settlers. The Charlottetown Conference of 1864, which ultimately led to the confederation movement, originally had been intended to discuss only a Maritime Union, but concerns over the American Civil War as well as Fenian activity along the border led to an interest in expanding the scope of the proposed union. The province entered Confederation with a Legislative Council of 40 members holding their seats for life, a Legislative Assembly of 40 members and an Executive Council of nine members. © 2021 MyNewBrunswick.ca. ... 21 Things to do in Fredericton New Brunswick Canada | Attractions Travel Guide - Duration: 10:43. SIGNIFICANT DATES IN HISTORY 1534 - Jacques Cartier explores the coast of New Brunswick, sailing into and naming the Bay of Chaleur. Parks Canada’s official Facebook page for National Historic Sites of New ... Facebook. The members of the Black Community of New Brunswick belong to a race which has a long and varied history. A Video on the History of New Brunswick and how it got this far. During the French and Indian War (1754–63), the British completed their displacement of the Acadians over all of present-day New Brunswick because they took up arms against them, when they had been requested repeatedly for decades not to do so. Community. New Brunswick is one of three provinces collectively known as the "Maritimes." Both Saint John and the Miramichi region remain largely Irish today. To the west lies the U.S. state of Maine. Peter Thomas, Lost Land of Moses: The Age of Discovery on New Brunswick's Salmon Rivers. The forests support substantial herds of white-tailed deer, moose, and small animals such as porcupines and raccoons. New Brunswick was one of the first provinces, along with Ontario, Québec and Nova Scotia, to join together to form the Dominion of Canada in 1867. Are you ready to not believe your eyes? New Brunswick – New Brunswick Births and Baptisms, 1819-1899, index 3. Our retirement project is exploring New Brunswick’s history and beauty and sharing it  through this site and on social media. Discover its history. New Brunswick is bordered on the north by Quebec’s Gaspé Peninsula and by Chaleur Bay. The northeast, especially around Bathurst, produces zinc, copper, lead, silver, and peat moss. The rivers and coasts lie in the eastern flyway of numerous migrating birds, best seen in early to mid-spring and late summer. Posts. Its beautiful forests, rivers, lakes, and seashore—attractions for tourists, hunters, and sport fishermen—have remained relatively unspoiled. Woodstock is a town in Carleton County, New Brunswick, Canada on the Saint John River, 103 km upriver from Fredericton at the mouth of the Meduxnekeag River.It is near the Canada–United States border and Houlton, Maine and the intersection of Interstate 95 and the Trans-Canada Highway making it a transportation hub. The latter two bodies of water are separated by the narrow neck of the Chignecto Isthmus, which joins New Brunswick to Nova Scotia, to the southeast. New Brunswick’s oldest surviving community dates back to around 800 BC, although Jacques Cartier … Spring flooding is common in many of the rivers. While New Brunswick has contributed significantly to the national life of Canada, it is one of the smaller provinces and has always occupied a lesser role in the national economy. In the mid-1960s, forestry practices changed from the controlled harvests of a commodity to the cultivation of the forests. Canada Department of Mines and Resources, Geological Survey, Memoir, 227, 46 pp. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. 1. This interest in an expanded union arose from the Province of Canada (formerly Upper and Lower Canada, later Ontario and Quebec), and a request was made by the Canadian political leaders to the organizers of the Maritime conference to have the meeting agenda altered. Allaby, G.M. New Brunswick changed from more than two-thirds rural before 1941 to predominantly urban by 1971. It is Canada’s only officially bilingual province, French and English having equal status. First published in 1825. Explore legends, lore and family roots in New Brunswick. During the research, the NB Scottish History advisory committee discovered many untold stories from different families and individuals who came to New Brunswick … Immigrate After Studying in New Brunswick. It’s also filled with friendly locals, delicious seafood, and the highest tides in the world. Welcome to our New Brunswick family history research page. During the period 1950–1980, 80% of New Brunswick’s small farms disappeared, as the agroindustry took root. If you’re interested, click on “Contact Us” in the menu at the top of the page and drop us an email. Plains and flatlands are limited to sea-level marshlands in the southeast, river valley floodplains, and low-lying lands adjacent to the beaches of the east coast. In January the mean daily temperature is 14 °F (−10 °C), and in July it is 67 °F (19 °C). The then-colony was named in 1784 to honour the reigning British monarch, George III, who was concurrently Duke and prince-elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg (“Hanover”) in the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation. It is located under Quebec's Gaspé Peninsula and beside the State of Maine. Winslow pressed for the creation of a “Loyalist colony” – an asylum that could become “the envy of the American states”. History of Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada Journey back in time to Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada Visit Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada. timeline New Brunswick. 758 likes. Saint John is the largest city in New Brunswick, Canada. From the early 16th century, they developed contacts with the Europeans and established a trade, which made them dependent on European technologies and victims of European diseases. Civil liberties group prepared to sue New Brunswick over access to abortion Mendelsohn Aviv said that would pave the way for the province having to fund the service in any clinic that offers it. Temperatures at Fredericton range from an extreme low of −35 °F (−37 °C) to an extreme high of 99 °F (37 °C). Fredericton, Saint John, and Moncton all sit on rivers that have played a significant role in their economic history. New Brunswick is one of 3 provinces collectively known as the "Maritimes." Both Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island are either surrounded by, or are almost completely surrounded by water. In the 20th century, small contingents of eastern European, Dutch, German, Italian, and Asian immigrants added a multicultural dimension, mostly in the larger urban areas. New Brunswick, Canadian province located on the eastern seaboard of the North American continent. The south of the province is bounded by the Bay of Fundy coast, (which with a rise of 16 m (52 ft), has amongst the highest tides in the world). One of the provisions of the Treaty of Utrecht of 1713 was the surrender of Acadia (or Nova Scotia as it was called by the British) to Queen Anne. Fort Anne (Fredericton) fell during the 1759 campaign, and following this, the legal de jure status of Utretcht was settled and confirmed de facto by the Treaty of Paris 1763. Although the province was largely rural, the colony, prior to the middle of the century, was not self-sufficient in wheat or flour and imports were thus necessary. Caraquet, town and fishing port, Gloucester county, northeastern New Brunswick, Canada. Magnetic Hill in … ; The territory was originally part of Acadia, which France lost to Great Britain after the Seven Years War (French and Indian War). The discovery in New Brunswick of rich deposits of zinc and potash in the second half of the 20th century elevated the importance of mining in the provincial economy. The majority of soils are acidic and low in nutrients. Your email address will not be published. The whole maritime region (and parts of Maine) was at that time claimed by France and was designated as the colony of Acadia. The condition of the county accounts was never made public, and it was not until a comparatively late period in the history of the province that the Grand Jury obtained legislative authority to inspect the county accounts,” and by 1877 an act providing for compulsory municipal incorporation was put in force. Here, they lived in relative (and in many ways, self-imposed) isolation. Top New Brunswick Landmarks: See reviews and photos of sights to see in New Brunswick, Canada on Tripadvisor. New Brunswick, one of the four original provinces of Canada, entered the Canadian Confederation on July 1, 1867. History of New Brunswick is the definitive book on the early history and settlement of the Canadian province of New Brunswick up to 1909. The Acadians of the recently captured Beaubassin and Petitcodiac regions were included in the expulsion order. About. It is concentrated in the southern and western parts of the province. The situation in New Brunswick was exacerbated by both the Great Fire of 1877 in Saint John and the decline of the wooden shipbuilding industry; skilled workers were thus forced to move to other parts of Canada or to the United States to seek employment. A major French fortification, the Fortress of Louisbourg, was also built on Île Royale (now Cape Breton Island) after Queen Anne’s War, but the function of this fort was mostly to defend the approaches to the colony of Canada, not the lost province of Acadia. According to its Official Languages Act as confirmed in the Constitution of Canada, New Brunswick has two official languages, English and French, and New Brunswickers have the right to receive provincial government services in the official language of their choice. In 1784, Britain split the colony of Nova Scotia into three separate colonies: New Brunswick, Cape Breton Island, and present-day peninsular Nova Scotia, in addition to the adjacent colonies of St. John’s Island (renamed Prince Edward Island in 1798) and Newfoundland. There were several actions on New Brunswick soil during the American Revolutionary War: the Maugerville Rebellion (1776), the Battle of Fort Cumberland (1776), the Siege of Saint John (1777) and the Battle at Miramichi (1779). The province is named for the city of Braunschweig, known in English and Low German (the language originally spoken in the area) as Brunswick, located in modern-day Lower Saxony in northern Germany (and also the former duchy of the same name). New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program. Omissions? Located at the mouth of the Saint John River,on the Bay of Fundy. Government services were often not available in French, and the infrastructure in predominantly Francophone areas was noticeably less developed than in the rest of the province; this changed with the election of Premier Louis Robichaud in 1960. New BrunswickEncyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Chartered by King George III, the province was named for the royal house of Brunswick, and its capital, Fredericton, was named for King George III’s son Frederick. Upham was separated from Hampton in 1835, Studholm from Sussex in 1840, Havelock from Studholm in 1858, Hammond from Upham in 1858, Kars from Kingston in 1859, Rothesay from Hampton in1870, and Cardwell and Waterfo… New Brunswick History [edit | edit source] Acadia [edit | edit source]. 23 November 2018: We have just added Aiton Families in New Brunswick: The Scottish Immigrant Hugh Aiton (1784-1862) and His Descendants and Relatives in Canada to the website. The eastern boundary is formed by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and Northumberland Strait. In fact, Governor Douglas saw a silver lining in the great 1825 Miramichi Fire; he is recorded to have declared that the fire had positive aspects, in that it cleared the forest so that residents might dedicate themselves to farming, instead of relying on the sale of timber in order to purchase imported foodstuffs. The majority of the population is English-speaking of Anglo and Celtic heritage, but there is also a large Francophone minority (33%), chiefly of Acadian origin. The largest tribe was the Mi’kmaq, and they occupied the eastern and coastal areas of the province. The provincial flag features a ship superimposed on a yellow background with a yellow lion passant guardant on red pennon above it. Resource-based industries such as logging and farming were also important components of the New Brunswick economy during this time and railways were constructed throughout the province to serve them and link the rural communities. All Rights Reserved. It lies along Caraquet Bay (an inlet of Chaleur Bay), near the mouth of the Caraquet River, 42 miles (68 km) northeast of Bathurst. This caused what is known to historians as Father Le Loutre’s War, because of the contended possession which had been in issue since before 1713. Wild blueberries and cranberries are found commonly on thin soils, especially in southwestern areas. The original First Nations inhabitants of New Brunswick were members of three distinct tribes. Many politicians who supported confederation, such as Sir Samuel Leonard Tilley (New Brunswick’s best-known Father of Confederation), found themselves without a seat after the next election; nevertheless, backers of the wider confederation eventually prevailed. Joined to Nova Scotia by the narrow Chignecto Isthmus and separated from Prince Edward Island by the Northumberland Strait. In addition to employment opportunities across a variety of sectors or vibrant entrepreneurial landscape; people are choosing New Brunswick to enjoy a more relaxed, healthy, and affordable lifestyle. New Brunswick (French: Nouveau-Brunswick) is one of four Atlantic provinces on the east coast of Canada. Explore the fishing village of St John in New Brunswick with your guide. Canada – Canada Births and Baptisms, 1661-1959, index 2. New Brunswick is one of Canada’s three Maritime provinces (together with Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia) and is the only constitutionally bilingual (English–French) province. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/place/New-Brunswick-province, The Canadian Encyclopedia - New Brunswick, Canada, Official Tourism Site of New Brunswick, Canada, New Brunswick - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), New Brunswick - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). New Brunswick – Ready reference book of New Brunswick and year book of the province Carleton County – A history of the schools of Carleton County [New Brunswick] Northumberland – School returns, 1830-1852 Biography. New Brunswick is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located on the east coast of Canada.. It is bounded to the north by the province of Quebec, to the east by the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the Northumberland Strait, and to the south by the Bay of Fundy. During the winter of 1838–39, the situation quickly deteriorated, with both Maine and New Brunswick calling out their respective militias. The 104th Regiment of Foot (the New Brunswick Regiment) 1803-1817 (Fredericton: Brunswick Press, 1962). The urban centres and smaller communities are welcoming to newcomers and offer safe, peaceful environments to build new lives. Following the war, significant population growth finally came to the area, when 14,000 Loyalists, having lost the war, came from the newly created United States, arriving on the Saint John River in 1783. Read "History of New Brunswick" by Peter Fisher available from Rakuten Kobo. By the late 1830s, population growth and competing lumber interests in the upper Saint John River valley created the need for a definite boundary in the area. Finally the Caledonia Highlands and St. Croix Highlands extend along the Bay of Fundy coast reaching elevations of more than 400 m (1,312 ft). Civil liberties group prepared to sue New Brunswick over access to abortion Mendelsohn Aviv said that would pave the way for the province having to fund the service in any clinic that offers it. LOCAL HISTORY. Obituaries Posted Within the Last 10 Year(s) ... Free Surname Meanings and History Lookup NEW!!! Saint John Harbour was first entered probably in 1524 by Gomez (A Spaniard) and named Rio De La Buelta. Rolls ~ History ~ Treaties ~ Census ~ Books. Events. Financed by shares sold in England, this company purchased large areas of Canadian land at low prices, promising to develop roads, mills and towns. New Brunswick Provincial Deaths, 1815-1938 Index and images. New Brunswick, Canada, Deaths, 1888-1938, index and images, ($). History of Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada Journey back in time to Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada Visit Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada. Discover its history. 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