Don't use the phone unless it's an emergency. Wear boots or sturdy shoes to keep from cutting your feet. The primary goal of U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Natural Hazards Response is to ensure that the disaster response community has access to timely, accurate, and relevant geospatial products, imagery, and services during and after an emergency event. They may come within minutes, hours, or days later, and can … Be on the lookout for small fires and extinguish them, if … Before an earthquake occurs: Prepare for three to seven days of electricity, water, gas, and telephone outages. PAGER - Rapid Assessment of an Earthquake's Impact; 2007; FS; 2007-3101; Responding to Global Earthquake Hazards; Earle, Paul S.; Wald, David J. What are the Great ShakeOut earthquake drills? Be careful around broken glass and debris. If you're in a car, stop the car and stay inside the car until the earthquake stops. The agency recommends keeping a fire extinguisher in your home, particularly if you live in a quake zone. In a new video interview, USGS earthquake scientist Dr. Lucy Jones explains that millions of Southern Californians will be preparing as if they do know, thanks to the Great Southern California ShakeOut. An earthquake is not like a fire. Keep an eye out for broken water pipes, downed and live electrical lines and leaking gas lines. Anchor heavy furniture, cupboards, and appliances to the walls or floor. Slowly descend the stairs of the building and exit outside. Credit: Brian Sherrod, USGS, Damaged unreinforced masonry building on Main Street in downtown Napa, California. Los Angeles will have the nation's toughest earthquake safety rules, ESC Seminar: HayWired Scenario Progress Discussion. Generally, an earthquake is divided into three stages: before, during, and after. Hundreds of Southern California municipalities will be affected; most lack recovery plans or previous disaster experience. Stay away from windows and outside doors. Earthquakes strike suddenly, violently and without warning. Check for fire and, if any, have it controlled. If any are damaged, shut off the valves. After an earthquake you may experience aftershocks, which can occur minutes, hours, or even days after the earthquake. Wash your hands with soap and water after holding on to commonly touched surfaces or objects. Immediately after an earthquake and the shaking has stopped you should: Move to high ground and away from water as an earthquake felt in Vancouver is likely to be accompanied by a tsunami First of all, a person should check if he/she has suffered any injury. This means you need to: Board up broken windows or doors to clean up after an earthquake; Cover holes in walls and roofs with tarpaulins if it is safe for you to do so; Turn off leaking water and gas mains House damage in central Oklahoma from the magnitude 5.6 earthquake on Nov. 6, 2011. Gather information and … If you're at school or work, follow the emergency plan or the instructions of the person in charge. What to do after an earthquake. The Federal Emergency Management Agency(FEMA) advises to extinguish small fires (if you can do so safely) and report larger ones to emergency services right away. First responders may be injured themselves and/or their equipment may be damaged. Check yourself for injuries and get first aid if necessary. This is the initial publication of the results of a cooperative project to examine the implications of a major earthquake in southern California. It is frightening to stay in a building immediately after an earthquake but it is much safer than immediately going outside. Get a quick, personalized insurance quote today. Tap on a pipe or wall so rescuers can locate you. Turn on the radio. What should I NOT do during an earthquake? At least 709 deaths resulted from earthquake activity worldwide in 2007, according to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and confirmed by the United Nations Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). Monitoring earthquake shaking in federal buildings; 2005; FS; 2005-3052; Celebi, Mehmet; Page, Robert A. Don't use elevators (they'll probably get stuck anyway). What can be done? These are some of the things you need to know and to do before, during and after an earthquake. After an Earthquake AFTER the next big earthquake, your recovery and that of the community may take weeks to months or even longer. Check for the smell of gas. The HayWired scenario is a hypothetical earthquake sequence that is being used to better understand hazards for the San Francisco Bay region during and after an earthquake of magnitude 7 on the Hayward Fault. All content is �2007 Michigan Technological University. Step 3: Organize disaster supplies in convenient locations. Anchor heavy furniture, cupboards, and appliances to the walls or floor. Don't leave heavy objects on shelves (they'll fall during a quake). Learn the earthquake plan at your school or workplace. Permission granted for reproduction for non-commercial purposes. Water pipes and gas and electrical lines are all susceptible to damage during an earthquake. Prepare for a major earthquake today by preparing your earthquake safety kit. 1 Make sure you and your family are unharmed. Walk out carefully watching for anything that could fall during the aftershocks. Wherever you are when an earthquake starts, take cover immediately. STAY CLEAR of windows, fireplaces, and heavy furniture or appliances. If the building appears unsafe get everyone out. The Earthquake Commission or EQC requires homeowners to take all the necessary steps they can to prevent further damage to an insured property. Learn how to turn off the gas, water, and electricity. What to do after an earthquake. After an earthquake. Field, E.H., and 2014 Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities, 2015, UCERF3: A new earthquake forecast for California’s complex fault system: U.S. Geological Survey 2015–3009, 6 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/fs20153009. According to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, the most common after-effect of an earthquake is fire. With a press run of more than three million copies, "The Next Big Earthquake In The Bay Area May Come Sooner Than You Think-- Are You Prepared?" To accomplish this goal, products and services provided by the National Geospatial Program (NGP)... Natural hazards threaten the safety and economic wellbeing of communities. If severe shaking lasts 20 seconds or more, immediately evacuate to high ground as a tsunami might have been generated by the earthquake. If you smell it, open all the windows and doors, leave immediately, and report it to the authorities (use someone else's phone). Stay away from beaches. Do not move around or kick up dust. Stay in place (as long as it is safe to do so). IDENTIFY: Look around your house for things that could fall or move. Get under a desk or table and hang on to it (Drop, Cover, and Hold on!) Listen to the radio or television for information from authorities. Make up a plan of where to meet your family after an earthquake. There are many things you can do to help yourself in the event of an earthquake. According to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), 2004 was the deadliest year for earthquakes since the Renaissance Age, making it the second most fatal in recorded history, with more than 275,950 deaths reported from the magnitude 9.0 earthquake and subsequent tsunami that hit the Indian Ocean on Dec. 26. Assess your home or workplace for damage. Check your water and electrical lines for defects. Bicycles crushed by falling unreinforced brick facade, Pacific Garden Mall. STAY CLEAR of windows, fireplaces, and heavy furniture or appliances. If you are unable to wash your hands, use hand sanitizer that contains at least 60 percent alcohol. Stay calm. is the most widely distributed publication ever prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey. What to do after an earthquake. What emergency supplies do I need for an earthquake? After a major earthquake, you should remember that emergency services like fire, police, and medical personnel may be unavailable for extended periods of time. If you live or work in the region, you need to know why you should be concerned with earthquakes, what you can expect during and after a quake, and what... Do you know what to do the moment the ground starts shaking? Composite photo of 1906 damaged buildings and modern family in foreground, Example of a home emergency first aid kit. Do not run outside. Get under a desk or table and hang on to it ( Drop, Cover, and Hold on! ) Shout only as a last resort. What Should I Do Before, During, And After An Earthquake? Provide first aid for anyone who needs it. Collection of USGS still images taken after the January 17, 1994 Northridge earthquake highlighting the damage to buildings and infrastructure. Conduct a safety check – Once you are in a safe place, check yourself and others for injuries, and call for help if needed. Prepare yourself … The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS-DOST) release this posters in their Facebook Page.If you’re not yet aware of, for the past two days, there has been series of strong earthquakes happening in Luzon and Visayas. Assemble and maintain your emergency survival Items for your home and workplace, as well as a portable getaway kit. Make sure you have a fire extinguisher, first aid kit, a battery-powered radio, a flashlight, and extra batteries at home. What to do after an earthquake? If possible, use the staircase after or during an earthquake. After an earthquake. Fire hazards--put out fires in your home or neighborhood immediately, call for help. Typically, the larger the mainshock, the larger and more numerous the aftershocks and the longer they will continue. Develop a Household Emergency Plan. Stay alert to new or continuing hazards. Expect aftershocks. Expect aftershocks and remember to drop, cover and hold. What You Should Do After the Earthquake . Just because the earthquake is over, that doesn't mean you're in the clear. Cover your mouth with a handkerchief or clothing. Expect aftershocks, If a person is bleeding, put direct pressure on the wound, use clean gauze or cloth if available, If a person is not breathing administer CPR, DO NOT attempt to move seriously injured persons unless they are in further danger of injury, COVER injured persons with blankets to keep warm, Fire hazards--put out fires in your home or neighborhood immediately, call for help, Gas leaks--shut off main gas valve ONLY if you suspect a leak because of broken pipes or odor, Damaged electrical wiring--Shut off power at the control box if there is any danger to house wiring, Downed or damaged utility lines--do not touch downed power lines or any objects in contact with them, SPILLS--clean up any spilled medicines, drugs, or other harmful materials such as bleach, lye, gas, DOWNED OR DAMAGED CHIMNEYS--Approach with caution--don't use damaged chimney (it could start a fire or let poisonous gases into your house), FALLEN ITEMS--beware of items tumbling off shelves when you open doors of closets and cupboards, CHECK FOOD AND WATER SUPPLIES--Do not eat or drink anything from open containers near shattered glass, If power is off, plan meals to use up foods that will spoil quickly or frozen foods (food in the freezer should be good for at least a couple of days), Don't light your kitchen stove if you suspect a gas leak, USE BBQ or camp stoves, outdoors only for emergency cooking, If your water is off you can drink supplies from water heaters, melted ice cubes or canned vegetables (AVOID drinking water from swimming pools or especially spas--it may have too many chemicals in it to be safe). Research conducted by USGS geophysicist Elizabeth Cochran and her university-based colleagues suggests that this earthquake was induced by injection into deep disposal wells in the Wilzetta North field. After the shaking subsides, assess your wellbeing and that of those around you. The 2014 Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities calculated that there is a 33-percent likelihood of a large (magnitude 6.7 or... With innovations, fresh data, and lessons learned from recent earthquakes, scientists have developed a new earthquake forecast model for California, a region under constant threat from potentially damaging events. How do I identify it? Make up a plan of where to meet your family after an earthquake. Nine years after it’s publication, it is still available from the USGS, and still helpful as a preparedness guide for Bay Area residents. Practice Drop, Cover and Hold. Know what to do in each stage. What can I expect in my house when an earthquake occurs? The involvement of citizens is key, as decisions made before and immediately after an earthquake can save lives and protect property. After an earthquake. They may create a spark that could ignite leaking gas and cause an explosion and fire DO NOT use your telephone, EXCEPT for a medical or... Detweiler, S.T., and Wein, A.M., eds., 2017, The HayWired earthquake scenario—Earthquake hazards (ver. Not only will learning what to do after an earthquake keep you safe in the event of an emergency, but knowing that you’re mentally prepared for anything might also give you a … Be prepared for aftershocks. Develop a family earthquake plan. Ensure you do the following if you are trapped under debris during or after an earthquake: Do not light a match. With the number of earthquakes increasing in several states, we offer the following information as public service. Check yourself and others for injuries. Some of the things that must be considered after an earthquake can be listed as follows: 1. Citizens should plan and practice what to do in the event of an earthquake in order to properly respond before, during, and after the shaking begins. Before. In the United States, 1 in 4 people live with the risk of earthquakes. Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center, Earth Resources Observation and Science Center, Congressional Briefing -- Citizen Science and Earthquakes: Reducing the Risk Through the Power of People, 2004 Deadliest in Nearly 500 Years for Earthquakes, "The Next Big Earthquake" — Still Helpful and Still Available; From USGS, Damage in central Oklahoma from a magnitude 5.6 earthquake in 2011, 1906 San Francisco Earthquake - Damage with Family in Foreground, to avoid injury from broken glass and debris. Never use an elevator after an earthquake. Earthquakes In The Midwestern And Eastern United States?! Drop, Cover, and Hold On! After an Earthquake Once the shaking has stopped, leave the building or house you are in and retreat to an open space away from damaged areas. Boston was heavily damaged. There are four basic steps you can take to be more prepared for an earthquake: Step 1: Secure your space by identifying hazards and securing moveable items. Putting down roots in earthquake country-Your handbook for earthquakes in the Central United States; 2011; GIP; 119; Contributors: Dart, Richard; McCarthy, Jill; McCallister, Natasha; Williams, Robert A. Recovering from the ShakeOut earthquake; 2011; Article; Journal; Earthquake Spectra; Wein, Anne; Johnson, Laurie; Bernknopf, Richard, The ShakeOut Scenario; 2008; OFR; 2008-1150; Jones, Lucile M.; Bernknopf, Richard; Cox, Dale; Goltz, James; Hudnut, Kenneth; Mileti, Dennis; Perry, Suzanne; Ponti, Daniel; Porter, Keith; Reichle, Michael; Seligson, Hope; Shoaf, Kimberley; Treiman, Jerry; Wein, Anne. Don't use matches, candles, or any flame. Gas leaks--shut off main gas valve ONLY if you suspect a leak because of broken pipes or odor. Emergency messages will be transmitted to your cell phone. The "Triangle of Life" is a misguided idea about the best location a person should try to occupy during an earthquake. Since an earthquake can happen at any moment, often with little warning, they’re one of the most frightening natural disasters. Wear sturdy shoes to protect your feet from broken glass. Do not leave until the shaking is over. What to Do Before an Earthquake. This handbook provides information to residents of the Central United States about the threat of earthquakes in that area, particularly along the New Madrid seismic zone, and explains how to prepare for, survive, and recover from such events. Stay there until the shaking stops. This handbook provides information about the threat posed by earthquakes in the San Francisco Bay region and explains how you can prepare for, survive, and recover from these inevitable events. Getting ready before an earthquake strikes will help reduce damage to your home and business and help you survive. Discuss earthquake insurance with your insurance broker. Move a few steps to a nearby safe place if need be. If you're outdoors, stay in the open away from power lines or anything that might fall. Stay alert for aftershocks. These secondary shock waves are usually less violent than the main quake but can be strong enough to do additional damage to weakened structures and can occur in the first hours, days, weeks, or even months after the quake. Avoid overpasses, bridges, power lines, signs and other hazards. Tsunamis and seiches sometimes hit after the ground has stopped shaking. Step 2: Plan to be safe by creating a disaster plan and deciding how you will communicate in an emergency. Look after yourself and get first aid if necessary. Check your coverage – it could affect your financial ability to recover losses after an earthquake. Based on observations of an earthquake in Turkey, the idea doesn't apply to buildings constructed within the United States. Check for injuries that you or others have obtained from the earthquake. Most probably elevators may get stuck in between after a significant earthquake. If you’re in a stadium or theater, exit the building calmly, watching out for any debris that could fall on you. Place telephone receivers back in their cradles; only make calls if requiring emergency services. What if you knew that a magnitude 7.8 earthquake would happen in less than three weeks? If there is a rush on the staircase, then be calm, because hastily may lead to an accident. 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